Definition, Causes and Symptoms of Autism
Autism is the pathological departure from the environment. An invisible wall separates people who suffer from autism from their environment. Simple understandings - gestures, eye contact, a handshake - are impossible for many. They barely share the interests and feelings of others and retreat into their own world. For parents it is a great burden to be treated like strangers by their own child. But there are ways out of isolation. Autists learn over time to build or improve key social skills, even if their illness continues to accompany them. Suffering is congenital and may be favored by other circumstances, such as lack of oxygen at birth. Education is not responsible. Some patients also have to be cared for as adults, others lead an independent life. Extraordinary: The disorder can be associated with mental retardation as well as with particularly high intelligence. The patients hardly react to other people. The language development is disturbed and conversations are difficult. Quite typical: Autists encapsulate, tend to rituals and recurring actions. If disturbed while practicing their habits, it can trigger aggression, often against one's own person. Often relationships are not understood, which are natural for healthy. For this, autistics in special areas develop great skills and, above all, a tremendously good memory.
Treatment of autism
Autism is not curable. But medications, psychological care, and behavioral therapies can help manage the disease.
Prevention and self-help of autism
Since autism is innate, one can not prevent the suffering. The exchange in affected groups can be very helpful.